Eczema is an inflamed skin condition that results in chronic itchy rashes. About 15 million people in the U.S. suffer from some sort of eczema; including 10-20 percent of all infants. Symptoms vary from person to person but often include dry, red, itchy patches on the skin, which break out in rashes when scratched.
Objects or conditions that trigger eczema outbreaks may include rough or coarse materials touching the skin, dry climates, excessive heat or sweating, soaps, detergents, disinfectants, dust mites, animal saliva and dander, upper respiratory infections and stress.
To reduce scratching and discomfort, treatment involves the use of moisturizing lotions, creams or ointments. If this proves insufficient, your dermatologist may prescribe topical corticosteroid medication, oral antibiotics or antihistamines.